Upcoming events

  • Bethe Colloquium, December 15, 2022, by Gabriel Martínez-Pinedo (GSI and TU Darmstadt)
  • Bethe Colloquium, January 19, 2023, by Thomas Grimm (Utrecht)
  • The Bethe Lecture Series "Gravitational Waves" by Jan-Willem van Holten (Nikhef and Leiden University) and Ricardo Monteiro (Queen Mary University of London) is scheduled for February 6 - 10, 2023.

Further information will be given as soon as possible.


The last Bethe Colloquium in 2022 will take place on Thursday, December 15, 2022, at 4:15 p.m. in Lecture Hall I, Physics Institute.

  • Gabriel Martínez-Pinedo (GSI, TU Darmstadt)
  • Probing heavy element nucleosynthesis through electromagnetic observations

Abstract: Half of the elements heavier than iron are produced by a sequence of neutron captures, beta-decays and fission known as r-process. It requries an astrophysical site that ejects material with extreme neutron rich conditions. Once the r-process ends, the radioactive decay of the freshly synthesized material is able to power an electromagnetic transient with a typical intrinsic luminosity. Such kilonova was observed for the first time following the gravitational signal GW170817 originating from a merger of two neutron stars. This observation answered a long lasting question in nuclear astrophysics related to the astrophysical site of the r-process. In this talk, I will summarize our current understanding of the r-process and the answers provided by recent observations. I will also illustrate the unique opportunities offered by kilonova observations to learn about the in-situ operation of the r-process and the properties of matter at extreme conditions. Achieving these objectives requires to address fundamental challenges in astrophysical modeling, the physics of neutron-rich nuclei and high density matter, and the atomic opacities of r-process elements required fo radiative transfer models.

Online participation is possible. For the Zoom link please contact

Further events will be announced as soon as possible.